Low Emissivity (Low E) coatings are thin film coatings used to improve thermal efficiency
Low-E coatings are typically incorporated into the U- factor for the unit or glazing assembly.
The solar reflectance of low-E coatings can be manipulated to include specific parts of the visible and infrared spectrum. This is the origin of the term spectrally selective coatings, which selects specific portions of the energy spectrum, so that desirable wavelengths of energy are transmitted and others specifically reflected. A glazing material can then be designed to optimize energy flows for solar heating, daylighting, and cooling.
A Low E coating is typically applied to the 2nd surface of an insulated unit to increase energy efficiency, reduce glare and harmful UV rays.
The Advantages of Dual Low E
Surface #2 and #4
Dual Low E coatings increase the energy efficiency performance without sacrificing design or adding weight and material costs (compared with a triple paned glass unit). Adding a Low-E coating to the #4 surface of the glass unit:
Air versus Gas Filled
Gas is used in Insulated Glass Units (IGU) to improve the energy efficiency of the unit by reducing the overall transfer of heat between the inside and outside. ‘Filling the space with a less conductive, more slow-moving gas minimizes the convection currents within the space, conduction through the gas is reduced, and the overall transfer of heat between the inside and outside is reduced.’ Types of Gas used:
Source: Efficient Windows Collaborative